Gregory III


Gregory III
   Pope (q.v.) from 731-741 who inherited the dispute with Leo III over Iconoclasm (qq.v.). At a synod in Rome (q.v.) in 731, he denounced Iconoclasm and excommunicated the subservient patriarch Anastasios (qq.v.). In response, Leo III sent an armed fleet to Italy (q.v.), but the fleet was wrecked in a storm. Unable to enforce compliance, Leo III then diverted revenues from papal properties in Sicily and Calabria (qq.v.) to the imperial treasury, effectively ending papal jurisdiction over these papal patrimonies. He may have also transferred these ecclesiastical dioceses, as well as that of Illyricum (qq.v.), from papal authority to the patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.). In effect, this made it impossible for the papacy (q.v.) to gain Byzantine help against the Lombards (q.v.). In 739, and again in 740, Gregory III appealed to Charles Martel, leader of the Franks (q.v.), for help against the Lombards. When Gregory died in 741, the Lombards were at the gates of Rome (q.v.), and the papal-Byzantine tie seemed stretched to the breaking point.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Gregory III — may refer to:* Pope Gregory III * Gregory III Laham, Patriarch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church …   Wikipedia

  • GREGORY III —    born in Syria; was successor of Gregory II., and carried out the same policy to the territorial aggrandisement of the Holy See at a time when it might have been overborne by secular invasions …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gregory III — died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gregory III — died A.D. 741, pope 731 741 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gregory III of Naples — Gregory III (died March 870), eldest son of Sergius I of Naples and Drusa, was the duke of Naples as co regent with his father from 850 and as successor to his father from his father s death in 864 to his own some six years later. He was recorded …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory III, Count of Tusculum — Gregory III (died about 1108) was the son of Gregory II. He was the Count of Tusculum from 1058, when his father died. He is usually considered to stand at the fore of the family of the Colonna. Unlike his father, he did not bear the ducal and… …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory III, Pope Saint — • A Syrian, was elected the successor of Pope St. Gregory II by acclamation, d. 741 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gregory III, Pope — (d. 741)    Mid eighth century pope (r. 731 741) who sought aid from the Carolingian mayor of the palace and effective ruler of the Franks, Charles Martel, in order to resolve the crisis brought on by the failure of Byzantine power in Italy and… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Gregory III Laham — Infobox Patriarch name=Gregory III birth name= Lutfy Laham church=Melkite Greek Catholic Church see=Antioch patriarch of = Patriarch of Antioch residence=Syria and Lebanon enthroned=November 29, 2000 ended= predecessor=Maximos V Hakim… …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory III, Saint — ▪ pope born , Syria died November 741; feast day November 28       pope from 731 to 741.       A priest when elected pope by acclamation, he was the last pope to seek approval of his election from the imperial exarch in Ravenna. His pontificate… …   Universalium